If you’re like most people, you likely brush your teeth in front of a mirror. This gives you the opportunity to examine your pearly whites, admire your smile and notice any imperfections or issues on or around your teeth. You may have noticed on occasion that your gums can bleed while brushing your teeth. Gum bleeding could be the result of a common cause, while underlying medical conditions can also lead gum bleeding. Here, we will examine possible causes of gum bleeding, and what to do if you notice it in your mouth.
What Causes Bleeding Gums?
Bleeding gums can be the result of a bunch of different problems, even simple causes like brushing techniques, flossing and pregnancy. If you brush too hard, use a toothbrush that isn’t soft, or have recently started to floss again, your bleeding may be a result of these simple causes.
However, gum bleeding may be caused by other problems. Gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums, is a common cause of gum bleeding, which is caused by plaque buildup at your gum line. If you have gingivitis, your gums are likely red and irritated. This can be resolved by taking better care of your teeth, by making sure you brush two times per day, floss regularly and use antibacterial mouthwash.
Periodontitis is another condition that can cause gum bleeding. Also known as periodontal disease, this is a long-term gum condition that damages bone and tissue that support your teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to bad breath and the loosening or potential loss of your teeth. If you suspect you might have periodontitis, it is recommended you contact a dental professional.
Other non-dental conditions can lead to gum bleeding, including diabetes, scurvy, leukemia and vitamin deficiencies. If you suspect you may have an underlying condition at the root of your gum bleeding problems, contact a medical professional.
What Should You Do If Your Gums Are Bleeding?
Regardless of the cause of gum bleeding, it is always recommended to adopt good dental habits and take care of your teeth. You should always brush your teeth two times a day, floss daily, use antibacterial mouthwash and visit your dentist regularly.
Additionally, using high-quality toothcare tools will help to prevent gum bleeding. Toothbrushes that are too hard can lead to gum bleeding, as well. The American Dental Association recommends using a toothbrush with “soft bristles” and replacing it every three to four months.
If your gums are still bleeding even while maintaining good oral health care practices, be sure to visit a dental health professional, as you have have a gum condition like gingivitis or periodontitis, or an underlying medical condition.